Hattie Lynde Papers
The papers of Hattie Lynde of Parkers Prairie and Waubun, Minnesota include a diary she kept in 1918, two postcards mailed to her husband Cornelisu V. Lynde while she was traveling with their son Kenneth in the western U.S., and an application to join the Daughters of the American Revolution in 1905. Lynde's diary shares her daily life including moving to a new town as well as life in a doctor's household during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic (referred to as the Spanish Influenza) and her take on events during the final months of World War I.
Partial transcription of diary entries and description provided by the seller:
'August 31st, Tired this morning after the excitement of last evening. We have been busy packing and picking up. Packing, I guess will tell the story for today. September 3rd, Dr. got home about 11 o'clock. Some tired man this morning. Busy packing. No letter from my boy today. Tired tonight. Sold single bed to Aunt Jennie for $3.50. Wish a lot of the 'junk' could be sold. September 6th, Our last day in Parkers. Got everything on the car before 10 o'clock. Swept the rooms, washed and went over to the restaurant for lunch with Cora. Went over to the Salibury's and up to Mrs. La Rooas to say goodbye, also phoned to several people. Got started at 10 minutes of 2 and pulled into Detroit about 5:30. Went to the Graystone Hotel. Dr. got a shave while I washed and combed my hair and had a little rest. The ride to Detroit was fine. After lunch we walked down to Dr. Larsen's house but didn't find him at home. So Dr. went to the hospital to see him. I went to the movies which didn't amount to much. Got back to the hotel at 9:30 and we went right to bed for there's a busy day ahead of us. It's Waubun early in the morning.'
'Sept. 6,The ride in the early morning was just grand and the roads were good. Saw threshing going on. Some 10-12 teams working in the fields hauling in the grain for the thresher and so many more men working about the machine. I thought of the work being done inside the house to get the meals for so many men. We got to Waubun Friday morning about 9 o'clock. Found the car containing our 'junk' had arrived. Doc saw the dray men and then we went to the house. The lady next door, a Mrs. Fredenburg came over and offered us assistance, or her home as a resting place, so that seemed very neighborly. Our well is dry. Pump there, but no water because of too much clay. Dr. has to haul water from a neighbors well. Everything except the coal was out of the car by 6 o'clock. Dr. and I put up two beds and we had our supper of bread and milk and cookies and was thankful that everything had gone nicely. Found two letters from Kenneth waiting for me which helped a whole lot.'
'September 9th, No noise from a garage or the street to waken us. Nice letter from Clarence Nott from 'somewhere in France' wishing me a happy birthday. Everyday sees a little gain. Sept. 11, Govt. says no more beer manufactured after Dec. 18. Brewers fretting in protest. Govt. to set a price on gasoline. September 12th, This is registration day for the men from 18-45 yrs of age. Flags flying and bands playing is the order of the Govt. I've seen some flags out but I imagine the bands are a minus quantity, especially in small towns. Feet hurting me so I am about all in. No business. Dr. down to see about a phone. There's a local paper so he has his business card in that.' At this time one of the rooms in the house has been rented by a local teacher; Miss Erickson. Also Hattie takes a short trip to Minneapolis where her son Kenneth has just arrived. They stay there and visit family for a few days, and then he comes home with her for a short time. 'September 19th, Have felt rather tired today, and also that I have taken cold. Kenneth has helped me about so many little odd jobs today. Spent most of the forenoon cooking. My feet are so tired and swollen that it's been hard work to get around on them today. Guess Miss Erickson was glad to have me back home. Seems so good to have Kenneth here. Dr. and Kenneth went to Detroit. Two people here to see Dr. while he was away. One came back in the evening. We are finding out that there are many half blood Indians in Wauburn and a good many who have more or less Indian blood.
'September 22nd, Dr. had callers from 4 grown people, 5 children, all Indians, came in an auto. Wish we had better office facilities. After the dinner work was out of the way we drove to White Earth, saw the Govt. buildings. Was surprised to find such a pretty country surrounding the town and so many houses in town. Got back about 5:30. Miss Erickson, Kenneth and I went to church this evening. Mr. Castel, The Little Giant, who lectures for the over throw of the liquor traffic and whom I heard in P. P. was the speaker of the evening. Sept. 28, Spanish Influenza in the army camps and a good many deaths among the soldiers. Paper says it has struck the University Hospital. It will be strange if it doesn't get a foot hold among the students. Suppose it will have a run like the Grippe had when it first broke out. I am anxious to hear from Kenneth. 'October 1st, Letter from Kenneth. He doesn't know where he is at. The University doesn't open for a week or 10 days and the Barracks are not ready. Papers tell of the Spanish Influenza at nearly all the Camps and a good many deaths from the disease. Oct. 7, We went downtown grocery shopping. Makes us both sick to see $5.00 slip away. Got 5lbs of brown sugar on our allotment. Oct. 8, Papers full of warning against the Hun's peace propaganda. Wilson's reply will probably come out in the paper tomorrow. It seems to be almost the last straw at which the Kaiser has to catch on in which to keep his peoples morale. The casualty lists - two of them, growing longer and many deaths from Spanish Influenza which is epidemic in the Camps and many towns.
'Oct. 9, Letter from Kenneth today. Was to have his physical exam yesterday and then into quarantine today. President Wilsons reply to Germanys peace proposal in the press tonight. No peace while German Armies are on Allies soil. One of the Waubun boys name in the casualty list of those killed - James Whalan. Not a cent in business today. Hear that all the schools in White Earth are closed on account of the Influenza. Some good news from France. Oct. 12, The wind begun to blow and it certainly was some wind and dust the rest of the day. Had to keep all the doors and windows closed and then the dust sifted in so the window sills were black. Austria and Turkey considering Pres. Wilsons peace terms. It would be great if they laid down their arms. Oct. 14, Prairie fire out west of town more stacks of hay burned. Papers say over 100 lives lost by fires in N.E. Minnesota and over one million dollars damage done. Mahnomen schools closed on account of Influenza. Dorothy Fredenbugh came home as all the schools in Detroit are closed due to the Spanish Influenza.
'The 1918 Cloquet fire was a massive fire in northern Minnesota, United States in October, 1918, caused by sparks on the local railroads and dry conditions. The fire left much of western Carlton County devastated, mostly affecting Moose Lake, Cloquet, and Kettle River. Cloquet was hit the hardest by the fires. It was the worst natural disaster in Minnesota history in terms of the number of lives lost in a single day. In total, 453 lives were lost and 52,000 people were injured or displaced, 38 communities were destroyed, 250,000 acres were burned, and $73 million (US$ 1.148 billion in 2016) in property damage was suffered. Thirteen million dollars in Federal aid was disbursed.
'Oct. 19, The air still heavy with smoke. The papers contained many thrilling stories of those who escaped from the fire and so many it was sad about and those burned out of house and home and loss of so many lives. Oct. 17, Paper tonight says Germany thinking of peace terms. Guess they are tired of war. Big sum of money being subscribed for relief of the fire sufferers. Wish I had some to give. Dr. called to the hotel to see a man who has influenza. So the 'city fathers' insisted that he must be gotten away from town and hotel. Then Everett hustled around until they found a place in the north end of town where the poor fellow can stay until able to get to his home in Breckenridge. October 21st, . Miss Sweeny (a school teacher in town) begun to board here, pupils afraid of her because she rides on the train. She says many on the train have the masks on over the mouth and nose so as not to spread the Influenza. October 24th, Cora and I visited after we went to bed. So many things have happened in Parkers since we left. Girls came home at noon saying that one of the pupils was very sick. Later on she came to see Dr. who said she had Fluenza. Mr. Paquette down to see Dr. about the case. Miss Erickson complaining of sore tonsils. Dr. out in the country towards Flom to a confinement case. A Dr. from Syre there too. Wish I could hear from Kenneth but hope no news is good news and that he is well.
'October 28th, Cora visiting from Prairie is sick. Rested pretty well, beginning to cough and raise - made 3 masks. Prof. Paquette down to see Dr. about closing school. Health board and school board met at school bldg. Miss Sweeney scared to be here and Mr. Paquette rather thought it might be best for them to go some where else until Cora goes away. So they went over to Mr. Young's. Mrs. Hintz died last night. Pres. Wilson getting scored for trying to bring in politics into the war situation. Some express grave fears that he is too anxious for peace on the Hun's terms or that the terms he has laid down if accepted by the Kaiser will not mean absolute surrender and what the boys have been giving their life blood for. Oct. 25, Not much about the war in the papers but what there is tells of the Huns still retreating.
'Hattie lists the names of friends, family, etc., to include: Mr. Paul; Mr. Kent; Roy Saunders; Mrs. W. Chamberlain; Mrs. Charles Meyer; Cora; Lydia; Alice; The Hazens; Mrs. Ecker and Howard; Miss Raby; Dr. Larsen; Pauline Reheder; Mr. & Mrs. Salisbury; Mrs. LaRoos; Mr. Blacknick; Mrs. Waller; Bloomquist; Erickson; Parker; Sweeny; Castle; Ingalls; Fairbanks; Professor Washburn.'
- Lynde, Hattie C. M. (Creator, Person)
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